Ayah Suka Membaca Surat Kabar
Knowing the information about learning bahasa Indonesia, even it is about the language, pattern of sentence, also the language culture that is usually used by the local people in their daily life, is very important for you as foreigner who live or stay in this country with the various purposes. Indonesia is one of the big country which has many potential business in some are of this country. Mostly foreigner visit this country to build the company or have relation in extend their business line. They think that their career in the future would be better than before if they start it in this country.
Having target for your future means that you have to use your best effort in reach that purpose not only in business line but also learn the culture of this country and the language. This very important to build the social life around your environment. If you could understand and speak by using bahasa Indonesia, you will be easy to mingle with the local people and they could help you for achieving your target.
You still could not in speaking bahasa Indonesia? So you can start from now, there are many easy ways to learn bahasa Indonesia and you can find many information on internet media that could give you some lesson about this language. This article is one of the media which give you various information about bahasa Indonesia lesson. And now, we will talk about bahasa Indonesia pattern that is often used in a formal sentence. From this article, Ayah Suka Membaca Surat Kabar, you will know about how to use prefix in the verb of the sentence as the identity of active sentence. Let’s see the text below about the daily activity of a family.
Orang yang sedang menelepon itu adalah ayah saya. Ayah punya aktifitas yang sangat sibuk setiap hari kerja. Karena hari ini hari Minggu, ayah tidak pergi ke kantor. Biasanya, setelah bangun pagi, kadang-kadang ayah jalan-jalan kira-kira 30 menit. Kemudian pulang ke rumah, lalu menggosok gigi. Ayah suka membaca surat kabar sambil minum kopi di ruang tamu. Ayah tidak merokok, tapi dulu ayah seorang perokok berat.
Setiap akhir pekan, sekitar jam 7 saya menyapu lantai dan membantu ibu di dapur. Kami selalu makan pagi bersaam-sama di ruang makan. Ketika makan, kami bicara tentang macam-macam hal. Karena itu, kami sering selesai makan pagi sekitar jam 8. Selama makan, adik perempuan saya suka menyanyi di depan kami. Tapi sekarang adik tidak mau menyanyi karena dia baru saja menabrak kursi dan menangis.
Sesudah makan, saya sering memotong rumput di halaman, menonton televise, mendengar radio, atau menulis surat kepada teman saya. Kadang-kadang adik membantu saya memotong rumput tapi dia lebih banyak menganggu daripada membantu. Malam ini saya haru membalas surat teman saya yang tadi malam mengirim saya surat dari Afrika Selatan. Saya suka menulis surat untuk teman.
In the previous article, we have already explained about the present tense in bahasa Indonesia which use to make sentence for daily activity and the words to express about frequent time such as kadang-kadang (sometimes), biasanya (usually), sering (often), selalu (always) and others. In making the active sentence, language uses the pattern of subject + predicate + object for general sentence. In this case, bahasa Indonesia use prefix in the verb for explaining the active sentence. As in English, there are transitive and intransitive verbs in bahasa Indonesia. A transitive verb is followed by an object and intransitive verb is not.
- Dia minum teh (He drinks tea) —- transitive sentence
- Dia bangun jam 6 (He wakes up at 6 o’clock) —— intransitive sentence
Many verbs in bahasa Indonesia consist of a root verb with a prefix and/or a suffix. Most of them are transitive and use me- + root verbs as the use of transitive sentence. In most cases, depending on the initial letter of the root word, the me- prefix is nasalized and becomes mem-, men-, meng-, menge-, or meny.
- me- : it is usually used to the verbs that have the first letter l, m, n, r, w for example :
- lihat ————- melihat (see)
- masak ——— memasak (cook)
- nyanyi ———menyanyi (sing)
- rokok ———merokok (smoke)
- mem- : it is used to the verbs that have the first letter b, f, v, p for example:
- buka ———– membuka (open)
- pakai ——— memakai (use, wear)
When a root verb starts with the letter p, that letter is omitted from words.
- men- : it is used to the verbs that have the first letter c, d, j, t for example:
- cari ————- mencari (search for, look for)
- dengar ——– mendengar (hear, listen)
- jual ———— menjual (sell)
- tulis ———– menulis (write)
When a root verbs start with the letter t, that letter is omitted from the word.
- meng- : it is used to the verbs that have the first letter a, I, u, e, o, g, h k for example:
- ambil ———– mengambil (take)
- isi ————— mengisi (fill)
- undang ——- mengundang (invite)
- hapus ——– menghapus (delete)
- kirim ——— mengirim (send)
When a root verbs start with the letter k, that letter is omitted from the word.
- meny- : it is used to the verbs that have the first letter s for example:
- suruh ———- menyuruh (to order, to instruct)
- salin ———– menyalin (copy)
The prefix meny- is attached to only root verbs beginning with the letter s and the letter is omitted from words.
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